school of science that understands reality, knowledge, thought, fact,
selves as community generated and community maintained linguistic
(Bruffee, 1986; Gergen, 1999; 2001). In their landmark study, The
construction of reality, Berger and Luckmann (1972 /1966) trace
entities are generated, objectivated, and institutionalized through
socialization, and re-produced in on-going social interaction. Thus
constructionism in its "strong" version reduces the world to modes of
discourse, while a "weaker" version of social constructionism allows
for a reality "out there" to which people have to adapt and with
which they come to terms as they construct and reconstruct themselves
relation to it.
In both versions of social
constructionism, individual construals are central to the maintenance
world. In the framework of the stronger version of social
constructionism, the socially constructed
entities that are conceived of as
reality, are available to individuals for organization into construct
are created through the deployment of constructs in discourse according
individuals' construals of situated events. In the weaker version of
constructionism, Kellyian constructs are the modes of expression for
"outer" reality is perceived in everyday life. This interpretation of constructionism
would seem to match Kelly's (1955/ 1991) intention.
the term "social" is not used in the fundamental
postulate, it is clear
the Kellyian person lives in a world together with others. Kelly's
the anticipation of "events" and the
reiterated significance of "events" in the Construction,
Individuality, Organization, Range,
can be construed as indicating that Kelly assumed that the human world
a social world, a world where reality is community-generated and
through the deployment of (for the most part) linguistic entities (see
and non-verbal constructs). In sum,
Personal Construct Psychology
theory for explaining how constructionism is possible as a form of life.
- Berger, P. and
(1972 / 1966) The social
construction of reality, Harmondsworth:
K. A. (1986)
Social construction, language and the authority of knowledge. College
48, pp. 773-790.
- Gergen, K.
J. (1999) An
invitation to social construction. London: Sage.
- Gergen, K. J. (2001) Social
construction in context. London: Sage.
- Kelly, G.
A. (1955/1991) The
psychology of personal constructs. London: Routledge.