| Kelly uses the
senses. One usage is to refer to the
process of testing out construing. Our
ways of making sense of things are tried out by means of our behaving
consistent with our interpretations. For
Kelly our behaviour is an experiment. We
then can determine if our construing helps us to make sense of our
not. Validation is closely linked both
with Kelly’s metaphor of the person
as a potential scientist (Landfield, 1988; Vaughn,
1996) and his later formulation of the experience
Stevens & Crittenden, 2000). Other
people are critical to validation, with direct and vicarious feedback
as well as our capacity to construe others’ construing.
(2002) has used the term nonvalidation
to refer to failure to
test out construing, the opposite of validation.
to validation as a process,
Button (1996) has pointed out the origins of the word in the Latin verb
(to strengthen). He suggested that it is
preferable to apply validation to the strengthening or weakening of our
theories of the world, rather than the absolute
Kelly’s original formulation. Our
theory-testing is more cumulative than absolute. This
interpretation is consistent with work
by Bannister (1963) on schizophrenia,
the genesis of which he associates with a
history of serial invalidation.
Kelly also used the term validation to
refer to one of the outcomes of this testing out – when the prediction
is confirmed. When the prediction is not
confirmed he termed this invalidation.
D. (1963). The genesis of schizophrenic thought disorder: a serial
hypothesis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 109, 680-686.
E. (1996). Validation and invalidation. In
J.W. Scheer & A. Catina (Eds.) Empirical
Constructivism in Europe: The Personal Construct
(1988). Personal science and the concept of validation. International Journal of Personal
Construct Psychology, 1, 237-249.
C. (1996). Commitment, hostility and the scientist-as-person. Journal of
Constructivist Psychology, 9,
B.M. (2002). Nonvalidation vs.
(in)validation: Implications for theory and practice.
In J.D. Raskin & S.K. Bridges (Eds) Studies
in Meaning: Exploring Constructivist Psychology. New
B.M., Oades, L.G., Caputi, P., Stevens C.D. & Crittenden, N.
Going beyond the scientist metaphor: from
validation to experience cycles. In J.W.
Scheer (Ed.) The Person in society:
Challenges to a
Theory. Giessen, Germany: Psychosozial-Verlag.
Beverly M. Walker