| Cognitive complexity
|The concept of cognitive
first propounded by Bieri (1955) and is to do with the organization of
and their similarity. If the elements in a grid are construed in the
fashion for all constructs then the organization of the constructs is
they all lead to an identical prediction. A tendency for constructs to
highly interrelated is sometimes termed monolithic
construing. If the elements are construed in less related ways for all
constructs then there is a more complex organization leading to
different predictions. Of course if the elements are construed in
totally unrelated ways for all constructs then we have chaos in
prediction, a totally fragmented set of
Unfortunately Bieri’s initial bipolar emphasis on
‘complexity-simplicity’ has been lost with the term being more simply
referred to as ‘cognitive complexity’. The distinction has also been
reinterpreted by Crockett (1965) and others as one of 'differentiation'
and 'integration'. This changing of labels makes for some confusion in
the literature. There have been a number of alternative methods for
generating an index of this ‘cognitive complexity’. Bieri’s
initial procedure was to count the matchings in a binary version of the
grid. Subsequently Bannister (1960) conceived of a related measure ‘intensity’, an average correlation measure,
other approaches include the percentage of variance accounted for by
first principal component of construct correlations, an adaptation of
matching approach devised by Landfield (see Landfield and Cannell,
and known as the ‘functionally independent construct’ or FIC index, and
use of analysis of variance approaches (Vannoy, 1965, Bell and Keen
Cognitive complexity can also be calculated from Crockett’s Role
Category Questionnaire (Crockett, 1965), where the number of
constructs produced is taken as a measure of cognitive complexity. This
similar to a measure of self-complexity used more generally in social
(Rafaeli-Mor, Gottlib and Revelle (1999). Crockett’s measure has been
to be superior to the Bieri index in predicting other behaviours. (e.g.
1982; Kline, Pelias, and Delia, 1991).
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validity of cognitive complexity measures on social perspective-taking
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Richard C. Bell